As discussed in the CNN essay, our emerging stay-at-home economy reveals a two-tiered society: “non-essential” workers who can work from home, and “essential” workers—not only health care workers and other first responders but also blue-collar workers, such as grocery clerks, delivery workers, bus drivers, mail carriers, and warehouse workers. We defined “essential” occupations to include the following: COVID-essential workers are most concentrated in Dorchester, Roxbury, and East Boston – the same neighborhoods where the virus is present at its highest rates. Native Americans across the country have experienced similar effects: given crowded living conditions in part. Among all male workers, … , as the tribal businesses many depend on for income have come to a complete halt. Similarly, the areas with the most COVID-19 cases align with Boston’s communities where people of color make up a majority of the population. On a normal day, essential workers account for 38 percent of transit commuters in New York City, 33 percent in Seattle, and 36 percent in Miami. As the only single mother in Congress, Porter has eloquently spoken publicly about the challenges of juggling distance learning for three school-age children at home, while assisting with the national response to the pandemic in Congress. Overall, the rate of low-wage work among front-line essential jobs (39 percent) is higher than for California as a whole (32 percent). We must ensure that our first responders—including not just EMTs and other healthcare personnel, but also grocery store employees, delivery workers, and public transit operators—have the personal protective equipment (PPE) they need, and have priority access to testing. According to research from the Current Populations Survey, black workers were more likely to be employed in essential services than white workers, with 37.7% of … Moderator Don Lemon of CNN speaks to the audience before the start of the second 2020 Democratic U.S. presidential debate in Detroit, Michigan, July 31, 2019. Every evening in many parts of the country, quarantined residents cheer for essential workers — … A similar duality has played out along gender lines. Look for your next weekly newsletter in your inbox. distance learning for three school-age children at home, while assisting with the national response to the pandemic in Congress. At the same time, while the 2008 recession was referred to as a “, .” A majority of American jobs lost in April, —in leisure, hospitality, education, and some parts of our health care industry—, were held by women, with Black and Latinx women. Native Americans across the country have experienced similar effects: given crowded living conditions in part resulting from poverty, COVID-19 has had a disproportionate impact on their health. ‘While the 2008 recession was referred to as a “mancession,” the current one is more like a “shecession.”’, At the same time, while the 2008 recession was referred to as a “mancession,” the current one is more like a “shecession.” A majority of American jobs lost in April—in leisure, hospitality, education, and some parts of our health care industry—were held by women, with Black and Latinx women disproportionately affected. This is exactly why the ACLU of Massachusetts and other advocacy organizations are pushing for legislative, executive, and judicial action to protect immigrants and working people. Their party depends on the electoral support of Black and Latinx women. In Florida and Nevada, they make up 28 and 27 percent of essential workers, respectively. Twenty-eight percent of New York City’s essential workers live in Brooklyn — the most in any borough — and the vast majority of them are people of color. While states can designate what qualifies as essential, the standard definition of an essential employee is someone that performs work involving the safety of … The United States also suffers from a pandemic of failed leadership and a pandemic of poverty. Fortunately, a crucial piece of legislation is currently being debated in Congress—one that would help millions of Americans in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and an economic crisis that is worse than anything the country has experienced since the Great Depression. Contract negotiations for these workers often drag on for years. According to the census data, the Boston neighborhoods most impacted by COVID-19 are co-located with the highest proportions of essential workers in the city. Trump’s DOJ found Massachusetts police guilty of appalling rights... State Senate passes necessary police reform, ACLU supports amendments to strengthen Senate police reform bill, Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations, Farming, fishing, and forestry occupation, Installation, maintenance, and repair occupation, Office and administrative support occupation, Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupation, Food preparation and serving related occupation. In each state, essential workers make up at least 39% of the workforce. Further, proposals for an essential worker's “bill of rights” should be backed. In some parts of Chelsea, over 80 percent of the employed population work in occupations that are deemed essential during the on-going crisis: And even within Chelsea, census tracts with the highest proportion of Hispanic or Latinx residents align exactly with the tracts containing the greatest percentage of workers employed in essential jobs. Nearly 5.8 million people have jobs in health care that pay less than $30,000 a year, half are nonwhite and 83% are women. As editorial writer Marcela García states in her recent Boston Globe piece about Chelsea, “Not only are these immigrants — mostly Latino, many of them here without legal status — the most economically vulnerable, but a high proportion of them already have limited access to health care and other public support networks. Not surprisingly, these women are important leaders in both national organizations and grassroots movements, including Black Lives Matter (whose founders include three Black women). Ideally, these paradoxes would challenge the low value associated with the work that women—especially women of color—do in caring for children, the elderly, the sick, and others in need. General was Hispanic or Latinx. • Workers essential for assistance programs and government payments. Originally published on Data for Justice. Meanwhile, Hispanics or Latinos represent just over 18% of the population, but make up 21% of the essential workforce. They are putting other nurses’ lives at risk. But instead of supporting everyday people—including workers and consumers who are only provided limited, temporary assistance under the recent Families First and CARES Acts—President Donald J. Trump and his allies in Congress have been busy redistributing wealth on a massive scale, with initial bailouts favoring airlines and other corporations, along with proposals to advance immunity from lawsuits for companies. Further, proposals for an essential worker's “bill of rights” should be backed. Artist David "S.I.D." According to 2018 Census data, an estimated 2.8 million American workers in essential industries commute to work on transit — about 36 percent of all transit commuters. Further. Communities like Hyde Park, Mattapan, and Dorchester where over 50 percent of the population is non-white (including African American, Hispanic or Latinx, Asian, Native American, Multiracial, or any racial category other than “White Alone”) are again the same communities with the highest rates of COVID-19. From George Floyd to Eric Garner, Blacks have been killed by police in the course of law enforcement action for crimes of poverty. , but they are also overrepresented among essential workers who must stay in their jobs, particularly lower-skilled positions, where they are at greater risk of exposure to the virus. One-third (34%) of U.S. adults say they have been deemed an essential worker and are currently working outside their home. A similar duality has played out along gender lines. Using data from the U.S. Census 2018 American Community Survey (ACS), we mapped the proportion of workers across Boston who are employed in “COVID-essential” occupations. Look for our next weekly newsletter in your inbox. It is time we stop treating essential workers and the unemployed as “disposable” people and start developing a politics of inclusion that better supports all of us—regardless of race, gender, and class. Already, there are reports that male academics are finding a writer’s retreat in quarantine—with their academic paper submission up an estimated 50 percent—while female academics are not finding the same writer’s paradise, submitting fewer papers than normal. ACLU statement on House Committee on Ways and Means omnibus... Police Violence Happens Here: Week of Action. emerging stay-at-home economy reveals a two-tiered society: “non-essential” workers who can work from home, and “essential” workers—. ” and care for those most in need of assistance. Workers in frontline industries are disproportionately women. The analysis presented here by the ACLU of Massachusetts compares BPHC’s findings to census data, in order to better understand how the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting Boston’s essential workers and communities of color. Women scholars of color face additional obstacles throughout their academic careers, including structural biases and being perceived as “incompetent,” as highlighted in the collection of essays Presumed Incompetent. ‘Black people 'will continue to wait for a cure for racism.' Flying over the problem but not addressing it: U.S. Navy Blue Angels honoring first responders and essential workers tackling the coronavirus pandemic over Chicago, Illinois, on May 12, 2020. One in every three jobs held by women has been deemed essential, and women of color are more likely to have essential jobs. 69 percent of undocumented have jobs deemed essential by the Department of Homeland Security, according to the study, which is based on the 2019 American Community Survey by the Census Bureau. Women make up the majority of essential workers in health care (76%) and government and community-based services (73%). ‘In New York City, race and income are the strongest determinants of death rates from COVID-19’. ’. Using data from the U.S. Census 2018 American Community Survey (ACS), we mapped the proportion of workers across Boston who are employed in “COVID-essential” occupations. Not surprisingly, these women are important leaders in both national organizations and grassroots movements, including Black Lives Matter (whose, Fortunately, a crucial piece of legislation is currently being debated in Congress—one that would help millions of Americans in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic and an economic crisis that is worse than anything the country has experienced since the Great Depression. In Brooklyn, the number of deaths outpaced those in Queens on Sunday. frontline essential workers groups following first wave of pandemic in NYC Percent seropositive for SARS -CoV-2 IgG antibody, by occupation among workers in public service agencies — New York City, May –July 2020 As New York Times contributor, Roxanne Gay wrote recently, doctors may soon develop a coronavirus vaccine, Black people "will continue to wait for a cure for racism.”. Often underpaid and undervalued, women dominate in frontline jobs ranging from “the cashier to the emergency room nurse to the drugstore pharmacist to the home health aide.” While part of an invisible workforce, women keep “the country running” and care for those most in need of assistance. Ironically, a major cause of their increased hardship is the irreplaceable role they play in supporting the continued functioning of all of society, by working essential service jobs. COVID-19 Cases Concentrated in Boston’s Black & Brown Neighborhoods. Indeed, our analysis of 2018 ACS data shows that in many parts of Chelsea, over 70 percent of the employed population work in occupations that are deemed essential during the on-going crisis: And even within Chelsea, census tracts with the highest proportion of Hispanic or Latinx residents align exactly with the tracts containing the greatest percentage of workers employed in essential jobs. The piece immediately spawned a hashtag, #colorofcovid, followed by a. ,” hosted by Van Jones and Don Lemon, highlighting a range of inequalities—from health disparities to the spread of the virus in prisons. ‘Women scholars of color face additional obstacles throughout their academic careers’. A majority of those jobs are held by women. Smartphone location data further suggests that residents of the richest neighborhoods fled the city—to vacation homes and elsewhere. ©2020 Council on Foreign Relations. This convergence of race and gender disparities challenges our assumptions about the structure of work and reveals the paradoxes of our emerging stay-at-home economy: an economy in which women and people of color make up the majority of both essential workers and the unemployed. In a 2018 follow-up study by Roberto Gonzales , only 12.5 percent of DACA recipients surveyed earned a degree from a four-year college, compared to 29.6 percent of Americans in same age range. The stakes have seldom been higher to get it right on equity. Ultimately, it is communities like Chelsea, with a very high proportion of both COVID-essential workers and residents of color, that are suffering disproportionately in this pandemic. A mural warns residents of the danger of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak on the Navajo reservation, in Shiprock, New Mexico, U.S., April 8, 2020. A protester wearing a "Black Lives Matter" earring chants marches in Times Square in New York City, during a protest against the death of Stephon Clark in Sacramento, California, on March 28, 2018. Relatedly, the federal government must support state and local governments, who have shouldered the burden of responding to the deadly coronavirus despite. COVID-19 relief proposals that are currently under consideration would extend protections for workers and prison populations, housing and student debt assistance, and provision of paid sick leave. Who are the people most affected by the Trump administration’s apparent priority of party politics over the public good? (In New York alone, people of color make up 75 percent of essential workers). Essential workers share their coronavirus pandemic stories. the city—to vacation homes and elsewhere. Consider the child care sector—virtually essential to gender equity in the workforce—which is mainly staffed by women, particularly women of color, but has been shuttered by the pandemic. Beyond congressional hearings on protecting workers and consumers, similar proposals are under consideration in the New York City Council. Black and Latinx women. In my recent CNN opinion piece, Color of Covid: the racial justice paradox of our new stay-at-home economy, I coined the term “Color of Covid” to reveal how the COVID-19 pandemic lays bare underlying structural inequalities facing communities of color. protections for workers and prison populations, housing and student debt assistance, and provision of paid sick leave. The piece immediately spawned a hashtag, #colorofcovid, followed by a CNN series, “Color of Covid,” hosted by Van Jones and Don Lemon, highlighting a range of inequalities—from health disparities to the spread of the virus in prisons. And Democratic politicians in the United States should be alert. Within this new ecosystem, a “racial justice paradox” has emerged: Blacks and Latinxs are more likely to be unemployed due to the impacts of the pandemic on the labor market, but they are also overrepresented among essential workers who must stay in their jobs, particularly lower-skilled positions, where they are at greater risk of exposure to the virus. reveals that race and income are the strongest determinants of death rates from COVID-19, martphone location data further suggests that, residents of the richest neighborhoods fled. Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and Representative Ro Khanna (D-CA) have urged Congress to support higher pay, safety protections, sick leave, and job security for all employees—including gig workers and independent contractors. Now it is time to talk about what I call the “Gender of Covid” and how this intersects with the “Color of Covid.” The pandemic has had a significant impact on women, especially the participation of Black and Latinx women in the labor market. Global Solidarity Can’t End With the COVID-19 Pandemic, A "To Undo" List for the Biden Administration’s COVID-19 Response, COVID-19: A Wake-Up Call to Africa for Investing in Responsive and Resilient Health-Care Systems, The Psychological Toll of the Pandemic: What Isolation Does to the Brain. Asian workers are the most likely to be able to work from home, followed by non-Hispanic and white workers. that are currently under consideration would extend. Not necessarily. Gender inequities make outbreaks worse, so why not integrate gender analysis into the response now to help save lives? It took the story of a prominent single white woman, Congresswoman Katie Porter (D-CA), to garner attention to this problem. Sure, Senate Republicans did say … . Women are particularly overrepresented in the frontline industries of Health Care (76.8 percent of workers) and Child Care and Social Services (85.2 percent). As, the only single mother in Congress, Porter. All rights reserved. • Workers supporting cannabis retail and dietary supplement retail. On Monday evening, Massachusetts General Hospital’s Chief Equity and Inclusion Officer, Dr. Joseph Betancourt, reported that 35-40 percent of the COVID-19 patients being treated at Mass. Having coined the term “intersectionality,” Columbia law professor, to expose the impact of the health crisis at various intersections. The Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions. Beyond congressional hearings on protecting workers and consumers, s imilar proposals are under consideration in the New York City Council. While Republican lawmakers have resisted supporting them, state and local governments are major employers of first responders—including emergency health workers—and municipal employment has long offered stepping stones of opportunity to people of color and women. Essential workers at risk:COVID-19 claims lives of 30 grocery store workers, thousands more may have it, union says "They are putting my life at risk. Workers deemed "essential" are also more likely to live below the federal poverty line or hover just above it. In some places in the U.S., including the epicenter of the outbreak where Copeland worked, New York City, black and Latino workers represent an even greater share of the essential workforce. Along similar lines, George Washington law professor Naomi Cahn chose Mother’s Day as an apt window to draw attention to the ways in which COVID-19 calls for a closer look at “the connections across gender, race, and class.”. The race and gender justice paradoxes of our emerging stay-at-home economy scramble our assumptions about the future of work. In New York, people of color make up 75 percent of essential workers. (D-MA) and Representative Ro Khanna (D-CA) have urged Congress to support higher pay, safety protections, sick leave, and job security for all employees—including gig workers and independent contractors. Ideally, these paradoxes would challenge the low value associated with the work that women—especially women of color—do in caring for children, the elderly, the sick, and others in need. U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) speaks about the 'Heroes Act', a proposal for the next phase of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) relief legislation, in Washington, DC, on May 12, 2020. to have essential jobs. Therefore, they must be placed at the center of policy solutions. Having coined the term “intersectionality,” Columbia law professor Kimberlé Crenshaw describes Blackness a “preexisting condition” and is hosting a series of webinars, Under the Black Light, to expose the impact of the health crisis at various intersections. This translates to a rate of about 79 cases per 10,000 residents – over four times higher than the rate in neighboring Boston of 18 cases per 10,000 residents, as reported by the BPHC. To take on this urgent poverty pandemic—inside the health pandemic—lawmakers must address the structural and racial inequalities embedded in both the health and financial crises, which are ultimately at the root of the protests we are witnessing on the streets in the United States and around the world. Essential workers are those whose jobs through the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic are considered vital to society’s continued functioning. 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